Photography of the shroud by Secondo Pia in 1898 indicated that the image resembled a photographic 'negative' and represents the first modern study.
Subsequently the shroud was made available for scientific examination, first in 19 by a committee appointed by Cardinal Michele Pellegrino .
Living organisms are constantly incorporating this C-14 into their bodies along with other carbon isotopes.
Many people have been led to believe that radiometric dating methods have proved the earth to be billions of years old.
Note that, contrary to a popular misconception, carbon dating is not used to date rocks at millions of years old.
Before we get into the details of how radiometric dating methods are used, we need to review some preliminary concepts from chemistry.
Recall that atoms are the basic building blocks of matter.
Atoms are made up of much smaller particles called protons, neutrons, and electrons.
The results provide conclusive evidence that the linen of the Shroud of Turin is mediaeval.